Thierry Tardy is the Director of the Research Division at the NATO Defense College. He is also Visiting Professor at the College of Europe in Bruges. His research and teaching areas cover NATO’s policy and adaptation, European security, the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), NATO-EU relations, the politics of crisis management, and UN peace operations. He has recently published French Interventions in Africa. Reluctant multilateralism (ed. with S. Recchia, London, Routledge, 2021). He tweets @thierrytardy.